Butch Bacaoco 13 Sep 2016 Projects

Impact Assessment of Brgy. Suawan

Brgy. Suawan in Marilog District is one of the 182 barangays of Davao City, the economic hub of the island of Mindanao in southern Philippines. While highly urbanized, the city has an extensive mountainous area which is home to numerous indigenous tribes. Suawan is about 55 kilometers from the city proper. From the national highway, Mamaon is 10 kilometers away along 7 kilometers of mostly rocky barangay road and 3 kilometers of mountain trail carved by carabao and horsedrawn carts without wheels.

The name of the association is Mamaon Awos to Weeg Association. “Awos to weeg” is the Bagobo phrase for “flow of water”. Though the association is named after Mamaon, one of the more than 40 sitios of Brgy. Suawan and the sitio where the water source is located, the project serves residents of three other sitios.

Since the water supply at the spring was limited, we fetched water at 2:00 AM. We used kerosene lamps to find our way in the dark. Now we no longer have to wake up at unholy hours to fetch water because the tap stand is near us.

- Michael Awing, 36 year old married farmer with four children

a. Eighty-nine percent (89%) of the respondents are males while females comprise 11%. Average age of respondents is 44.5 years old.

b. Seventy-two percent (72%) have reached only elementary education while 13% have finished their elementary studies. Another 13% have reached secondary level but only 2% have finished high school.

c. Eighty-five percent (85%) are farmers, 6% are employed in the private sector while 9% are housekeepers.

d. The 47 households have 213 members, 53% of which are males and 47% are females. Each household has an average of 4.5 members.

e. Thirty-nine percent (39%) of the 213 beneficiaries are aged 20 to 50 years old, children account for 32%, teens comprise 15% while beneficiaries aged more than 50 years old account for 14%.

f. Average daily water needs per household is 70 liters while total daily water needs for the 47 households is about 3,297 liters. Average distance to the water source is 171 meters (excluding distance of alternate source if preferred source runs dry) while average distance to the tap stands is only 15 meters.

g. All of the 47 households fetch water for their needs. Eighty-nine (89) of the 213 members of respondent households fetch water (65% males and 35% females).

h. Adults (20 to 50 years old) make up 54% of people who engage in this laborious chore, the elderly make up 28%, teens 13% and children account for 4%.

i. Beneficiaries used to spend about 45 minutes to fetch water; they now spend an average of 18 minutes. They gain almost half an hour extra time every day for play (4%), studies (13%), household chores (57%) and farm work (91%).

j. Based on average daily water needs of 70 liters or almost four 20-liter containers, each family would have spent P80.00 every day if they pay P20.00 per container to get water from Moab spring. Now they pay only P5.00 per container (P20.00 daily for four containers, translating to hypothetical savings of P60.00 per day or P1,800.00 per month which they spend on food (17%), education (4%) and shelter (4%).

k. Eight families (17% of respondents) reported having suffered from water-borne diseases, mostly diarrhea, prior to project completion. After project completion, no occurrence of any water-borne disease was reported.

l. All of the respondents are satisfied that the project addressed all their water needs. All respondents believe that the project helped improve the health of their families while 98% said that the project is very important for the education of their children, that it has improved their financial situation and that they are not worried about their capacity to pay the maintenance contribution.

m. Ninety-six percent (96%) believe that their community benefitted from the project and 91% wish that other communities can also benefit from the project. Ninety-six percent (96%) said that the community’s involvement is very important in the successful implementation of the project. All of them participated in the planning and implementation of the project.

n. Eighty-three percent (83%) believe that their water consumers association helped strengthen the unity and cooperation in the community. About half think that the association helped address other needs of the community while 21% do not think so.

o. All respondents profess that the association is now operating smoothly and efficiently while 98% said that their families participates actively in the association’s affairs.

p. Eighty-one percent (81%) stated that the livelihood training helped their families earn additional income but they failed to provide details on how it did.

q. Ninety-eight percent (98%) of the respondents believe that the project did not damage the environment. All of them aver that their families contribute to the protection of the watershed area and that their community works together to protect the water shed area.

r. All respondents declare that they practice solid waste management. Ninety-one percent said that they practice organic farming while 89% said they are producing and using organic fertilizer.

s. All respondents believe that the installation is working properly and the water lines are neatly lined up, the entire structure can survive earthquakes and floods and can function normally for more than five years, the technician is well-trained / wellequipped and the community is willing to help protect and sustain the installation.

t. Breakdowns are the problem most often faced by the association. Thru sheer determination by the chairman and with the cooperation and support of the beneficiaries, the association was able to remedy most of the problems until the pumps’ housing cracked.

u. Now that the pumps were replaced and the entire system was rehabilitated, the association is confident it can handle whatever problems that may arose. Giving them confidence are the maintenance fund which is slowly growing and the assurance of help from AIDFI, as manifested by the shipment of steel couplings. However, the association requests for another adjustable wrench.

v. The beneficiaries laud the project for providing them with easy access to household water and ensuring safe potable water without their having to travel a couple of kilometers over treacherous terrain or spending hard-earned money.

w. During the height of the dry spell brought by El Niño, the ram pump (even if it is working at half capacity due to diminished water volume from the source) served as the sole source of drinking water for the community. This is etched in the hearts and minds of the beneficiaries and is among the first things they will mention if somebody asks them about the project.


Based on the foregoing, several conclusions can be drawn:

  1. The project has tremendously helped the beneficiaries by providing them with readily accessible and clean source of water, particularly for drinking.
  2. The proximity of the water source gave more time for housewives to perform household chores, for children to study and play and for husbands to work on their farms.
  3. Residents generate hypothetical savings of about P1,800.00/month which they spend on food, education and shelter of their families.
  4. The project has eradicated instances of water-borne diseases.
  5. The beneficiaries are confident about the quality, durability and sustainability of the installation and they are willing to help ensure its continued operation.

The project has made a huge impact on the socio-economic, health, educational, environmental, communal and institutional aspects of the lives of all the beneficiaries.

It has improved the lives of the more vulnerable sectors of society, particularly the women, the elderly, the teens and the children. It has given family heads more time to tend to their farms and thus improve their incomes somehow.

Mamaon’s water association proves how people are willing to cooperate to solve their common problem. It’s resilience in the face of a very shaky start is living testament to the selfless service, integrity and dedication of Chairman Benito Pañamogan to make the project work so that it can benefit his community.

Impact Assessment of Brgy. Suawan, Marilog District, Davao City

Suawan Report