Impact Assessment of Brgy. Tigbao
Tigbao is one of the 40 barangays in Calatrava, a municipality 130 kms north of Bacolod City, the capital of Negros Occidental. It got its name from the hardy, tall grass locally called “tigbao” (known as “Bear’s breech”) which grows abundantly in the area.
Bisected by a national highway, Tigbao is located 13 kms south of the town proper. It can be reached by public bus from Bacolod City, either via the mountain route (3 hours) or the coastal road (5 hours). It has an area of 3.5 sq kms and a population of 2,023 composed of 469 households.
The center of the barangay is nestled is a valley surrounded by hills in the north, east and south and by rice fields which lead to the sea in the west. It has a modern barangay center, health center, covered gymnasium and evacuation / multi-purpose building.
“Even in my dreams, I never thought that such a miracle as having a nearby water source (thru Agos tap stand). We used to travel about 800 meters to get drinking water (from Eba Spring). We are very grateful to God for answering our prayers and blesseing us with the ram pump.”- Maricel Gallego, 35 year old housewife with two children from Malinawon
a. Twenty-one percent (21%) of the 103 respondents are males while females comprise 89%. Average age of respondents is 50.36 years old.
b. Eighteen percent (18%) have gone to college but only half of them completed tertiary education. Almost half (47%) reached only elementary level while 36% have gone to or finished high school.
c. Twenty-four percent (24%) are either farmers or farmworkers. Fifty-two percent (52%) are gainfully employed while 24% are no longer earning from work.
d. The 103 households have 464 members, with males (243) slightly outnumbering the females (221). Each household has an average of 4.5 members.
e. Children (27%) and adults (36%) comprise 63% of the population. Teens account for 15% while the remaining 22% is made up of people above 50 years old.
f. Average daily water needs per household is 164.7 liters while total daily water needs for the 103 households is about 17,000 liters. Average distance to the water source (spring and wells) is 135.5 meters while average distance to the tap stands is only 26 meters. For Malinawon, some residents have to travel 800 meters to the water source. Now the tap stands are only an average of 27.5 meters from their homes.
g. Forty-four households get water from electric water pumps and pay fetchers to haul the water. Only 59 households have members who fetch water by themselves. Eighty-five (85) of these household members fetch water, almost equally distributed between males and females.
h. Adults (20-50 years old) make up the bulk (41%) of people who fetch water. People aged 50 years old and above comprise 25% while teens make up 15% of those who fetch water. Four female children (12 years old & below) also fetch water.
i. Beneficiaries used to spend an average of one hour and 42 minutes to fetch water before the introduction of the ram pumps; they now spend an average of 45 minutes to get water. The beneficiaries gain almost an hour of extra time every day for household chores (64%) and studies (7%).
j. If residents buy water and have it delivered it to their homes at P3.50 per 20-liter container, they would have to spend P30.00/day or P900/month, excluding the cost of some residents who buy purified water from Toboso town.
k. With the project, they are assured of safe drinking water and now pay only P100/month, translating to hypothetical savings of at least P800.00/month which they spend on food (43%), education (23%) and shelter (7%).
l. Three households suffered from water-borne diseases prior to project completion. After project completion, no occurrence of any water-borne disease was reported.
m. Because of supply problems, only 54% are satisfied that the project has addressed their household water needs; 78% are satisfied that the project, particularly with the water filters, addressed their drinking water needs.
n. Respondents agree that the project positively impacted the health (85%) and education (85%) of their families, citing that family members are now always clean.
o. Eighty-nine percent (89%) are confident that they can pay the monthly obligation. Thirty-six households do not pay the monthly contribution, as they are either exempted or they use the ram pump merely as a back-up water source.
p. A substantial majority believe that the project benefitted their community, that the community’s involvement is very important in successful project implementation, that their families participated in the planning and implementation of the project and that their association helped strengthen the unity and cooperation in the community.
q. Only 3% claim that the association is not operating smoothly and efficiently while 79% are satisfied with the association’s operations. Eighty-seven percent (87%) said their family actively participates in the affairs of the association.
r. Seventy-three percent (73%) said they did not benefit from the livelihood training while only 8% claimed that they did.
s. Only one claimed that the project damaged the environment while 86% said it did not. One-third said their families contribute to the protection of the watershed area while 26% replied that the community works together to protect the watershed.
t. As to solid waste management, 64% said they observe the practice. Only 25% said they practice organic farming while about 20% said they do not. Twenty-nine percent (29%) are producing and using organic fertilizer while 18% do not. Only 24% of the respondents are engaged in farming.
u. Only 59% believe that the installation is working properly and that the water lines are neatly lined up. About 75% believe that the structure can survive earthquakes and floods and that it can function for more than five years.
v. Sixty-seven percent said that their technicians are well-trained and well-equipped to solve the operation and maintenance problems of the project while only 5% said they are not.
w. Eighty-nine percent (89%) said that the community is willing to help protect and sustain the installation.
x. Sixty percent (60%) mentioned supply (in terms of volume and frequency of water delivery) as the most common problem they encounter, citing malfunctions as the cause of supply problems. They recommend cooperation, immediate action and more tools and maintenance materials to address the problem.
y. The beneficiaries laud the project for the ease and convenience in getting water, for the savings they can generate, and for ensuring safe potable water without having to buy expensive purified water.
z. Even residents who get water from the electric water pumps greatly appreciate the project because it assures them safe drinking water thru the water filters and also of stable water supply even during power interruptions, which are quite frequent.
Based on the foregoing, several conclusions can be drawn:
- The project has tremendously helped the beneficiaries by providing them with readily accessible and clean source of water, particularly for drinking.
- The proximity of the water source gave more time for housewives and mothers to perform household chores and care for their children and for students to study.
- Residents generate hypothetical savings of at least Php 800.00/month which they spend on food, education and shelter of their families.
- The project, thru the water filters, has eradicated instances of water-borne dieases.
- The project boosted educational opportunities for the children, giving them more time to study and a little more financial resources to support their studies.
- The beneficiaries are confident about the quality, durability and sustainability of the installation and they are willing to help ensure its continued operation.
- The association needs to address members’ concerns on lack of supply, particularly in some tap stands, the need for more tools and maintenance materials and the reported unbalanced performance of two pumps feeding the reservoir at the barangay proper.
- While the participation of the barangay officials in the affairs of the association helps expedite the resolution of the problems, it is ideal that the water association should remain independent of any political affiliation.
- Beneficiaries who have no existing readily accessible water systems (like Malinawon beneficiaries) are more receptive and appreciative of Agos initiatives compared to other people (Panaghiusa and Paghidaet beneficiaries) who have existing sources of water other than the ram pump.
The project has made some impact on the socio-economic, health, educational, environmental, communal and institutional aspects of the lives of the beneficiaries, particularly those in Malinawon. It has improved the lives of the more vulnerable sectors of society, particularly the women, the elderly, the teens and the children.
Given the Tigbao example, it might be a good idea to revisit the wisdom of providing ram pumps to communities which already have existing water systems and are located in areas where residents can easily access transportation to bring in water.